census

London, education and location

According to the 2011 census, in London there were data on the education of 6.549.000 people. 1.152.000 of those had no qualifications whatsoever, while 2.470.000 had level 4 (first year of university) or above qualifications. As before, it is interesting to see how these conditions are distributed around the geographical space.

Level 4 or above in London. Central and southwest areas show higher figures.

Level 4 or above in London. Central and southwest areas show higher figures.

Level 4 or above in central London, with a rather scattered pattern. Whitehall and Belgravia have high numbers, but also some areas south of the Thames

Level 4 or above in central London, with a rather scattered pattern. Whitehall and Belgravia have high numbers, but also some areas south of the Thames

No qualification persons in London. The East, and especially north-east, show the higher figures.

No qualification persons in London. The East, and especially north-east, show the higher figures.

In central London the East shows the higher figures, altough some areas north of Hide Park show also high numbers.

In central London the East shows the higher figures, altough some areas north of Hide Park show also high numbers.

London, gender and location

According to Census 2011, in London that year there were some 4 million jobs, of which 2,1 millions (53,4%) where of males. In the Managers, Directors and Senior Officials there were 300.000 men and 164.000 women, while professional occupations had 461.000 men and 436.000 women. In administrative and secretarial occupations the ratio was 127.000 men for 286.000 women.

The interesting thing is how these jobs are geographically distributed by gender. As yesterday, red lines are the tube.

Distribution of managers, directors and senior officials, both male and female

Distribution of managers, directors and senior officials, both male and female

 

Managers, directors and senior officials. Blue areas have more men than woman, pink ones the opposite

Managers, directors and senior officials. Blue areas have more men than woman, pink ones the opposite

Distribution of professionals

Distribution of professionals

Professionals. Blue areas have more men than women, pink ones more women

Professionals. Blue areas have more men than women, pink ones more women

 

Secretarial ocupation distribution

Secretarial ocupation distribution

Secretarial ocupation. Blue areas have more men in the job, pink ones more women

Secretarial ocupation. Blue areas have more men in the job, pink ones more women

 

 

 

 

How many dwellings are there in the city?

Many things to count (here,  the Tetuan area in Madrid)

Many things to count (here, the Tetuan area in Madrid)

This is one of the most difficult questions. As always, the absolutely accurate answer is impossible as, even when the housing industry is broken and the existing dwellings resist (i.e. Spain today), there is always a building at works somewhere adding some units, or a ruin, or a demolition.

The housing censuses were considered to be precise; but today in many countries (Spain included) they are made with a representative sample, not the entire stock. They are made taking account of the cadastre, a fiscal data which is exhaustive, but that sometime does not show exactly what you are looking for (a housing building with a single owner that rents 100 flats can be fiscally registered as a single property, or a parking slot be registered as a housing property). Sometimes a dwelling is divided in many by its owner, without any registration, and the opposite case (grouping neighboring homes) is also possible.

Even in areas with recent buildings, where the number of dwellings is defined by plans, there can be fluctuations, upside or downside: a dentist can occupy what was to be a home, and there can be someone in fact living in what was to be an office… again, the difference between the normative world and the real facts of life…

As in the rest of the examples of this week, it is always possible to get a figure; what is needed is the knowledge on how this figure was produced, as to be able to relate that to other figures and give it an operational sense. A figure by itself is usually rather unrepresentative.