Two central nodes of the Madrid metropolitan area, with a sizeable role in terms of image: the old city and a 1960s bussiness district. In 2006 the Puerta del Sol had some 6.000 residents, 24.000 employments and 2.455 bussinesses, retail activities meaning 27% of the employment; in 2010 the total employment had decreased slightly, and retail employment meant just 23% of it. In 2006 AZCA had 1.226 residents and 49.353 employments, 11% of which where in retail; in 2010 the jobs number had decreased, overall and in retail, more sharply than at Sol,but retail jobs had risen to 13% of the whole.
During that time the number of jobs in the region had risen less than 1%, but retail jobs fell slightly. Nevertheless, these two spaces keep a role as metropolitan centralities, in which retail is relevant, but no the only function.