Centrality and periphery in Madrid since 2000 (9) Campo de las Naciones

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The Campo de las Naciones occupied in 2009 the sixth place in the region, with a GDP of 2.171 million euros. With 1.464 residents and 18.591 jobs (housing and jobs are almost a km away, again an effect of census block design for population census), the ratio is 12 jobs per resident. It was the tenth census block in the region by job number.

The area is also the location for the IFEMA fair compound, which generates most of the activity (being near the airport has helped, and there is a subway link to the airport and to the central city through Azca), and also the location of an office base; a part is on the entry to the fair and a sizeable part on a narrow strip between rail and the M-40 beltway. The floor area includes 478.000 sq m of parking, 363.000 sq m of offices, 64.523 sq m of dwellings (quite far from the former), 53.000 sq m of hotels and restaurants, and 3.900 sq m of retail. The most interesting architecture is that of the fair (in its gigantic lot there are 590.000 sq m of floor area), but they are not really related to the public space; the Juan Carlos I park represents the Spanish landscape design of the 1990s, and it is by far the most used public space in the area, with most people coming by car, as it is surrounded by infrastructural barriers; it is a good belvedere on northeastern Madrid.

Barajas airport, as seen from the Juan Carlos I park

Barajas airport, as seen from the Juan Carlos I park

This is not a real urban centrality (few large fair facilities in the world are), but rather a single role enclave with a high GDP figure which comes from a more complex system (this would not happen without the freeways and the airport).People coming to the area can reach an impressive figure during a convention and there are a handful of corporate headquarters, but use diversity is not enough, and this being a small urban fabric isolated from other areas it sees any complementarities happen by car, which dilutes their reach.

Floor area for offices and, for some lots, number of cadastral office spaces

Floor area for offices and, for some lots, number of cadastral office spaces

Location of the housing spaces

Location of the housing spaces

The housing area as seen from the Park

The housing area as seen from the Park

Juan Carlos I Park, and on the foreground, works in Valdebebas

Juan Carlos I Park, and on the foreground, works in Valdebebas

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